The following tables show disaster data for 2008 and averages for the 2000–2007 time period. Tailoring strategies to the operational context may be particularly important, both to be effective and to ‘Do No Harm’, in contexts affected by violent conflict, where people are at particularly high risk of disaster impacts 21 million.8 In 2013, flooding killed 178 people and affected 1.5 million. plans with limited impact on reducing disaster vulnerabilities (Twigg, 2015). Natural disasters are interpreted as a type of crisis which features characteristics that are similar to other types of crises (such as man-made disasters), for example in regards to vulnerability and impact on social systems. Disaster Mental and Behavioral Health: Professionals in the rapidly emerging field of disaster mental and behavioral health, focus on the interconnected psychological, emotional, cognitive, developmental, and social influences on behavior and mental health and the impact of those factors on preparedness, response, and recovery from disasters and traumatic events. To avoid unnecessary human life loss, it is important to have a well-thought out emergency evacuation plan. Public policy implications A full reassessment of the economic and financial impact of a major disaster should be made 18 to 24 months after the event that is then taken into account in reviewing the affected country’s short-term economic performance and assistance strategy. In 2011 alone, almost 30,000 people were killed in 302 disasters, and 206 million people were affected. The argument set forth is that the effect of a natural disaster depends upon two sets of factors: the political and material capabilities of the government to react to the disaster, and the pertinent aspects of the political culture. As will be discussed later, political impacts of disasters often arise from conflicts over the management of the emergency response and disaster recovery. The political aftermath could also affect Japan's behavior internationally and could change the way it uses its military. Disasters have little impact on trends in total aid flows. DEFINITIONS OF DISASTER
“A disaster can be defined as any occurrence that cause damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life, deterioration of health and health services on a scale, sufficient to warrant an extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area”. Most economic assessments of the impacts of disasters have concentrated on direct losses—that is, … As disasters pose an important challenge to the development of the Pacific Rim, it is important to assess their global, regional, economic, and social impacts. DISASTER MANAGEMENT
2. )
“A disaster can be defined as an … DISASTER TYPES AND IMPACTS 341 Disasters are frequently classified according to their frequency and their impact, as measured by number of victims and economic damage. Beyond the toll on human life, the costs of disasters were estimated at more than US$ 2 trillion over the last two decades. Stressing every one of the countries it touches, it has the potential to create devastating social, economic and political effects that will leave deep and longstanding scars. ... Second is the question of the disaster's impact on Japan's international trade, natural resource dependency and supply line security. Disaster ppt 1. (W.H.O. NATURAL DISASTERS AS A POLITICAL VARIABLE 975 the impact of a natural disaster upon an elec-tion. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of natural disasters on political trust. Earthquakes and violent weather-related catastrophes helped make 2011 the costliest year ever for response and recovery from disaster. 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